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Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh’s democracy icon-turned-iron woman- The New Indian Categorical

Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh’s democracy icon-turned-iron woman- The New Indian Categorical
Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh’s democracy icon-turned-iron woman- The New Indian Categorical


By AFP

DHAKA: Sheikh Hasina at the time served rescue Bangladesh from army rule, but her time in electrical power has noticed the mass arrest of her political opponents and human rights sanctions in opposition to her security forces.

The 76-year-outdated received a fifth time period as prime minister soon after polls on Sunday, with the opposition boycotting a vote they say was neither free nor good.

Hasina branded the key opposition get together a “terrorist organisation.”

The daughter of a innovative who led Bangladesh to independence, Hasina has presided about breakneck financial expansion in a nation once prepared off by US statesman Henry Kissinger as an irredeemable “basket case.”

Past thirty day period, she vowed to “switch the whole of Bangladesh into a affluent and made country”.

But critics accuse her federal government of unjustly jailing her chief rival, passing draconian anti-press liberty legislation, and a litany of legal rights abuses together with the murder of opposition activists.

Hasina was 27 and travelling overseas when renegade navy officers murdered her father, Primary Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, together with her mom and three brothers in a 1975 coup.

She returned immediately after living in exile for 6 decades to just take the reins of her father’s Awami League social gathering, starting a a long time-prolonged struggle to restore democracy that observed her subjected to prolonged stretches of home arrest.

Economic increase

Hasina joined forces with Khaleda Zia’s Bangladesh Nationalist Occasion (BNP) to support oust military dictator Hussain Muhammad Ershad in 1990. But they shortly fell out and their rivalry has dominated Bangladeshi politics because.

Hasina very first served a time period as primary minister in 1996 but shed to Zia 5 years later on. The pair had been then imprisoned on corruption prices in 2007 right after a coup by a navy-backed government. The rates were being dropped and they ended up totally free to contest an election the pursuing year.

Hasina won in a landslide and has been in electrical power at any time given that.

The 78-year-aged Zia in the meantime is in ailing health and fitness and confined to a healthcare facility soon after graft fees noticed her sentenced to a 17-yr jail phrase in 2018, with top rated leaders from her bash also powering bars.

ALSO Study | Bangladesh courtroom sentences Nobel laureate to six months in jail he denies violating labour guidelines

Hasina has been praised by supporters for leading Bangladesh by a remarkable economic boom, largely on the again of the mainly female manufacturing unit workforce powering its garment export field.

Bangladesh, one particular of the world’s poorest international locations when it received independence from Pakistan in 1971, has grown an average of extra than 6 for every cent every year considering the fact that 2009.

Poverty has plummeted and extra than 95 for each cent of the country’s 170 million people now have entry to electric power, with for each capita cash flow overtaking India in 2021.

Hasina also obtained global acclaim for opening Bangladesh’s doors to hundreds of countless numbers of Rohingya refugees fleeing a 2017 army crackdown in neighbouring Myanmar.

And she has been hailed for a decisive crackdown on Islamist militants in the Muslim-the greater part country after five homegrown extremists stormed a Dhaka cafe well-liked with Western expatriates and killed 22 people in 2016.

Silencing dissent

But her government’s intolerance in the direction of dissent has supplied increase to resentment at residence and expressions of concern from Washington and elsewhere overseas.

5 leading Islamist leaders and a senior opposition figure were executed around the earlier 10 years following convictions for crimes against humanity fully commited during the country’s brutal 1971 liberation war.

ALSO Go through | Bangladesh jails previous air drive main in opposition crackdown

Rather of healing the wounds of that conflict, the trials induced mass protests and fatal clashes. Her opponents branded them a farce, expressing they were a politically inspired work out created to silence dissent.

The United States imposed sanctions on an elite department of Bangladesh’s protection forces and seven of its top rated officers over fees of common human rights abuses.

Hasina’s newest marketing campaign was marred by the arrest of countless numbers of opposition activists. Once in a while violent avenue protests above the earlier 12 months demanded her resignation and the appointment of a caretaker governing administration to oversee the election.

Even ahead of her opponents settled to boycott the vote, analysts say the detention of so lots of senior BNP figures has left no practical democratic choice to her rule.

She “produced the illusion of an election”, explained Ataur Rahman, a previous professor of politics at the National College of Singapore.

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Written by bourbiza mohamed

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